Title:  Fluid Properties Analysis 
Long Title:  Properties of Liquids and Gase 
Field of Study: 
Chemical & Process Eng

Valid From: 
Semester 1  2016/17 ( September 2016 ) 
Module Coordinator: 
NIALL MORRIS 
Module Author: 
NOEL DUFFY 
Module Description: 
This module introduces students to more advanced aspects of thermodynamic analysis including the estimation of thermodynamic & transport properties of fluid mixtures and the application of solution thermodynamics to the solution of practical Chemical Engineering problem. 
Learning Outcomes 
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to: 
LO1 
Estimate the molar volume, molar enthalpy and molar entropy of real fluid mixtures, using modern equations of state, applied to practical engineering problems. 
LO2 
Estimate transport and thermodynamic properties of pure fluids and then apply these correlations to solve practical engineering problems. 
LO3 
Estimate the thermodynamic and transport properties of real fluid mixtures, and then apply these methods to solve practical engineering problems. 
LO4 
Estimate the heat of reaction and equilibrium concentration for chemical reactions in nonideal systems. 
Prerequisite learning 
Module Recommendations
This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is strongly recommended before enrolment in this module. You may enrol in this module if you have not acquired the recommended learning but you will have considerable difficulty in passing (i.e. achieving the learning outcomes of) the module. While the prior learning is expressed as named CIT module(s) it also allows for learning (in another module or modules) which is equivalent to the learning specified in the named module(s). 
None 
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list. 
None 
Corequisite Modules

No Corequisite modules listed 
Requirements
This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.

No requirements listed 
Module Content & Assessment
Indicative Content 
Review of PvT behaviour of pure substances
Pv, PT diagrams; triple point, critical point.
Equations of state: ideal, virial; Pitzer acentric factor. Compressibility factor. Reduced temperature and pressure, corresponding states principle. Generalised compressibility charts. Vapour pressure: Clapeyron equation, ClausiusClapeyron equation; Antoine equation. Gibbs Phase Rule.

Cubic Equations of State
Cubic EOS (van der Waals, RedlichKwong and variants, Peng Robinson and variants); highprecision equations of state. Use of cubic EOS to determine molar volume given P, T. Interrelationships between thermodynamic properties: P, v, T, u, s, h, g, a. Heat capacity; evaluation paths; reference states. Residual properties / departure functions for real fluids.

Correlation and estimation of pure component properties
Scalar properties e.g. critical data, acentric factor, normal boiling point. Temperature dependent thermodynamic properties e.g. vapour pressure, enthalpy of vapourisation, heat capacity. Transport properties e.g. viscosity, conductivity. Estimation of property values using published and softwaremediated methods. Group contribution methods: Joback, Gani et al.

Properties of Mixtures
Property changes on mixing; partial molar properties (volume, enthalpy, Gibbs energy); chemical potential. Significance of Gibbs energy and chemical potential. GibbsDuhem equation. Ideal mixtures of ideal gases and real fluids. Excess properties. Fugacities and fugacity coefficients, activities and activity coefficients. LewisRandall rule. Liquids. Ideal solutions. Application of equations of state using mixing rules. Introduction to activity coefficient models, local composition models.

Chemical reaction equilibrium
Review of determination of heat of reaction from heats of formation: Hess' Law. Determination of heat of reaction at nonstandard conditions of temperature (Kirchoff's Law) and pressure for ideal and nonideal systems. Determination of equilibrium composition from Gibbs energy of formation at nonstandard conditions of temperature for ideal and nonideal systems.

Assessment Breakdown  % 
Course Work  40.00% 
End of Module Formal Examination  60.00% 
Course Work 
Assessment Type 
Assessment Description 
Outcome addressed 
% of total 
Assessment Date 
Short Answer Questions 
Examination of material covered to date: use of cubic equations of state, etc. 
1,2 
40.0 
Week 6 
End of Module Formal Examination 
Assessment Type 
Assessment Description 
Outcome addressed 
% of total 
Assessment Date 
Formal Exam 
EndofSemester Final Examination 
1,2,3,4 
60.0 
EndofSemester 
Reassessment Requirement 
Repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment
Module Workload
Workload: Full Time 
Workload Type 
Workload Description 
Hours 
Frequency 
Average Weekly Learner Workload 
Lecture 
Lectures/Discussions/Class Tutorials. 
3.0 
Every Week 
3.00 
Independent & Directed Learning (Noncontact) 
Study/Past Papers/SelfStudy Tutorials. 
3.0 
Every Week 
3.00 
Lab 
Use of thermodynamics related software 
1.0 
Every Week 
1.00 
Total Hours 
7.00 
Total Weekly Learner Workload 
7.00 
Total Weekly Contact Hours 
4.00 
Workload: Part Time 
Workload Type 
Workload Description 
Hours 
Frequency 
Average Weekly Learner Workload 
Lecture 
Lectures / Discussions / Class tutorials 
3.0 
Every Week 
3.00 
Independent & Directed Learning (Noncontact) 
Study/Past papers/Selfstudy tutorials 
3.0 
Every Week 
3.00 
Lab 
Use of thermodynamics related software 
1.0 
Every Week 
1.00 
Total Hours 
7.00 
Total Weekly Learner Workload 
7.00 
Total Weekly Contact Hours 
4.00 
Module Resources
Recommended Book Resources 

 Elliott, J.R, & Lira, C.T. 2012, Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd Edn. Ed., Pearson [ISBN: 9780132756242]
 Supplementary Book Resources 

 Jurgen Gmehling, Barbel Kolbe, Michael Kleiber, Jurgen Rarey, 2012, Chemical Thermodynamics for process simulation, WileyVCH Weinheim, Germany [ISBN: 9783527312771]
 Koretsky, M. D. 2013, Engineering and chemical thermodynamics, 2nd Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 0470259612]
 Sandler, S.I. 2015, Using Aspen PLus in Thermodynamics Instruction: a step by step guide, Wiley [ISBN: 9781118996]
 Smith, J.M., van Ness, H.C., Abbott, M.M. 2000, Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, 6th Edn Ed., McGrawHill
 Noel de Nevers, 2012, Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers, 2nd Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 9780470927106]
 Poling, B.E., Prausnitz, J.M., O'Connell, J.P. 2000, Properties of Liquids and Gases, 5th Edn Ed., McGrawHill
 Abbott, M.M., van Ness, H.C. 1989, Thermodynamics with Chemical Applications (Schaum's Outline Series), 2nd Edn Ed., McGrawHill
 Stanley I. Sandler 2006, Chemical, biochemical, and engineering thermodynamics, 4th Edn Ed., John Wiley & Sons Hoboken, N.J. [ISBN: 9780471661740]
 Prausnitz, J.M., Lichtenthaler, R.N., de Azevedo, E.G. 1998, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria, 3rd Edn Ed., PrenticeHall
 Obrey, H., Sandler, S.I., Varma, A. 1998, Modeling VaporLiquid Equilibria: Cubic Equations of State and their Mixing Rules, Book & Disk Edn Ed., Cambridge University Press
 This module does not have any article/paper resources 

Other Resources 

 Process Simulation Software: Aspen Technology Inc. 2014, Aspen ONE, AspenTech, 10 Canal Park, Cambridge, MA, USA

Module Delivered in
