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PHOL6005 - Anatomy/Physiology of the Cell

Title:Anatomy/Physiology of the Cell
Long Title:Anatomy and Physiology of Cells and Tissues
Module Code:PHOL6005
Duration:1 Semester
Credits: 5
NFQ Level:Fundamental
Field of Study: Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Valid From: Semester 1 - 2012/13 ( September 2012 )
Module Delivered in 1 programme(s)
Module Coordinator: Brigid Lucey
Module Author: HUGH MC GLYNN
Module Description: This module covers the anatomy and physiology of the cell/tissue structures and the physiological processes which occur therein within living organisms.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to:
LO1 Outline the history of Cell Biology and the microscope
LO2 Describe the structure and function of the different cell organelles and how they are assembled from the macromolecules
LO3 Describe the different organelles and their functions
LO4 Describe the main types of tissue, their classification, structure, and the physiological processes that occur therein
LO5 Describe the principles of homeostatic mechanisms
LO6 Perform analytical procedures, collate data, interpret results, and produce scientific reports
Pre-requisite learning
Module Recommendations

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is strongly recommended before enrolment in this module. You may enrol in this module if you have not acquired the recommended learning but you will have considerable difficulty in passing (i.e. achieving the learning outcomes of) the module. While the prior learning is expressed as named MTU module(s) it also allows for learning (in another module or modules) which is equivalent to the learning specified in the named module(s).

The students are strongly recommended to undertake a biology based subject at secondary school level
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list.
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.


Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Introduction to Cell Biology and the Microscope
Introduction to Cell types (eukaryotic and prokaryotic); overview of eukaryotic cells; history of the microscope and cell biology; types of microscopes; use of fluorescence in cell biology
Outline the stepwise formation of macromolecules to include carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids; principles involved in their synthesis; and their function
Cell Anatomy and Physiology
Overview of the main organelles of the eukaryotic cell and associated physiological processes of each to include: cell membrane and membrane transport/ cell communciation; nucleus and DNA replication/ mutations; ribosome and protein synthesis; centriole and cell division (mitosis and meiosis); lysosomes and role in phagocytosis/autophagy/autolysis; mitochondria and cellular respiration; golgi apparatus and modification/manufacture/shipping of macromolecules; cytoskeleton and cell motility/regulation of cell function; endoplasmic reticulum and functions; peroxisomes and its functions; proteasomes and protein degradation.
Organisation and Function of Tissues
Overview of epithelial, connective, muscle and nervous tissue structure, function, and classification; embryonic development of tissue from germ layers; use of biopsy to diagnose disease; functions and types of cell junctions; and effects of aging.
Positive and negative feedback mechanisms employed in the maintenance of a constant internal environment; effect of stress and aging on homeostasis
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work100.00%
Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Written Report Laboratory book/ worksheet weekly report 6 30.0 Sem End
Short Answer Questions Theory Assessment 1,2,3 35.0 Week 7
Short Answer Questions Theory Assessment 4,5 35.0 Sem End
No End of Module Formal Examination
Reassessment Requirement
Repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment


Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Class based instruction 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Lab Practical laboratory instruction 1.0 Every Week 1.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Unassisted learning time 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.00
This module has no Part Time workload.

Module Resources

Recommended Book Resources
  • Neil A. Campbell,, BIOLOGY [ISBN: 0-13-135691-7]
  • Wayne M. Becker... [et al.], The world of the cell [ISBN: 0805393935]
  • Campbell, Reece, Taylor, Simon, Dickey 2009, Biology Concepts and Connections, 6th Edition Ed., 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, Pearson [ISBN: 978-0-321-52650-2]
  • Krogh, David 2009, Biology, A Guide to the Natural World, 4th Edition Ed., Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, Pearson [ISBN: 978-0-321-56371-2]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
This module does not have any other resources

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CR_SHERB_8 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Herbal Science 2 Mandatory

Cork Institute of Technology
Rossa Avenue, Bishopstown, Cork

Tel: 021-4326100     Fax: 021-4545343
Email: help@cit.edu.ie