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ARCH6078 - Architectural History

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Title:Architectural History
Long Title:Architectural History
Module Code:ARCH6078
 
Duration:1 Semester
Credits: 5
NFQ Level:Fundamental
Field of Study: Architecture & Urban Environment
Valid From: Semester 1 - 2019/20 ( September 2019 )
Module Delivered in 4 programme(s)
Next Review Date: September 2024
Module Coordinator: Samuel Vardy
Module Author: GARRETT O SULLIVAN
Module Description: Architectural History explores the foundations of western architecture and urban development examining the spatial, formal and structural components of key buildings and urban form from Ancient Greece to Post Post Modernism reflecting on how they responded to the cultures and societies in which they were produced.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to:
LO1 Describe key buildings and identify significant moments in architectural history and urban development from ancient Greece to Post Post Modernism.
LO2 Illustrate how buildings and their authors respond to functional, aesthetic and structural criteria.
LO3 Discuss the evolutionary nature of developments in architecture and urban form in this period.
LO4 Reflect on and discuss the meaning embodied in architectural and urban form.
Pre-requisite learning
Module Recommendations

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is strongly recommended before enrolment in this module. You may enrol in this module if you have not acquired the recommended learning but you will have considerable difficulty in passing (i.e. achieving the learning outcomes of) the module. While the prior learning is expressed as named MTU module(s) it also allows for learning (in another module or modules) which is equivalent to the learning specified in the named module(s).

Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
Requirements

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.

No requirements listed
 

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Greek Architecture
Greek civilisation, Architecture of democracy, Greek architectural motifs, Building typologies - temple, theatre, domestic, Contemporary international transference and application.
Roman Architecture
Roman civilisation, Roman construction technologies - caementum, foundations, arch, waggon vaults, intersecting vaults, wall typologies, hypocaust, pipe systems, Temples, Rotunda, Dome, Domestic design, Theatre, Stadium, Thermae, Contemporary international transference and application.
Romanesque Architecture
Dark Ages, Repression of Design, Romanesque architectural motifs reasoning and rationale - tower, recessed doorways, blind arcades, lancet fenestration, string coursing, barrel vault, Building typologies - ecclesiastical, defensive, domestic, Neo-Romanesque revival, Hiberno Romanesque.
Gothic Architecture
Charlemagne and the recognition of Christianity, Architecture of celebration, Abbot Suger and the birth of the Gothic template, Church of Saint Denis, Gothic architectural motifs - polychromatic stone, steeple, rose window, role of stained glass, ogive and pointed arch, rib vault, buttress, gargoyles, Building typologies - ecclesiastical, defensive, domestic, Neo-Gothic revival.
Early Renaissance Architecture
Crisis in Architecture and the quest for direction, Re-birth of classical idiom and design principles, Symmetry, Proportion, Golden ratio, Harmonic ratio, Vitruvian man and ergonomic design, Classical architectural motifs, Building typologies - domestic, ecclesiastical, Contemporary international transference and application.
High Renaissance Architecture
Quest for deeper exploration of the Classical idiom, Plinth, Rotunda, Dome, Classical orders, Tempiettro de San Pietro, Contemporary international transference and application.
Baroque Architecture
Definition of 'Baroque' and architectural critique, Quest for freedom from classicist constraints, Architectural motifs of play, drama, fantasy, undulation, dis-proportion, mannerism, Building typologies - ecclesiastical, domestic, palace, Rococo style.
Neo-classical Architecture
Crisis in Architecture, Restoration of order, Re-visitation of Classical architectural idiom and motifs, Romantic classicism, Palladian style, Neo - classicism, Building typologies - domestic, judicial, governmental, Georgian Architecture, Victorian Architecture.
Iron Masters
Transitions in Architecture, Experimentation with construction materials and methods, Iron Masters - Joseph Paxton, Henri Labrouste, Brunel, Gustav Eiffel, Tectonics, Building typologies - Crystal Palace, Bibliotheque de Saint Genevieve, Eiffel Tower
Modern Architecture
Birth of Modern Architecture, Modern Movement, Manifesto of Modern Architecture, Taoism, Confuscionism, Modern masters- Le Corbusier, Mies Van der Rohe, JP Oud, Frank Lloyd Wright, Eileen Gray, Bauhaus, Five point of Modern Architecture, RAT-TRAD, Modular method, Systemised construction, Le Villa Savoye, E1027, Nation building - Modern Architecture in Ireland, Modern Architecture in America, Post war redevelopment of Europe and the role of Modern Architecture.
Post Modern Architecture
Crisis in Architecture, Charles Jencks, Robert Venturi, Birth of Post Modern Architecture, Principles of Post Modern Architecture, Post Modern masters - Philip Johnson, Michael Graves, James Stirling, Frank Gehry, Robert Venturi, Santiago Calatrava, Zaha Hadid.
Post Post Modern Architecture
Crisis in Architecture, Environmental debate, Brundtland Commission, Well Building, nZEB, Part L, 'Conventional' Sustainable design, 'Alternative' sustainable design
Futuristic Architecture
Issues steering design, principles of futuristic design, Location, Form, Composition, Policy, Future debate.
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work100.00%
Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Presentation Visual timeline presentation of aspect from Architectural History 2,3,4 30.0 Week 6
Project Interim draft of architectural history analysis, discussion and reflection through visual and written representation. 1,2,3,4 20.0 Week 9
Reflective Journal Architectural history analysis, discussion and reflection through visual and written representation. 1,2,3,4 50.0 Week 13
No End of Module Formal Examination
Reassessment Requirement
Coursework Only
This module is reassessed solely on the basis of re-submitted coursework. There is no repeat written examination.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment

 

Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Architectural History: Class based instruction 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Self study 4.0 Every Week 4.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 3.00
Workload: Part Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Architectural History: Class based instruction 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Self study 4.0 Every Week 4.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 3.00
 

Module Resources

Recommended Book Resources
  • Ching, Francis and Jarzombet, Mark M 2017, A Global History of Architecture, 3rd Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 1118981337]
  • Davies, Colin 2018, A New History of Modern Architecture, Laurence King Publishing [ISBN: 1786270560]
  • Fletcher, Sir Banister 2017, A History of Architecture, 20th Ed Ed., Bloomsbury Publishing [ISBN: ISBN: 10 0750]
  • Higgott, Andrew 2018, Key Modern Architects, Bloomsbury Visual Arts [ISBN: 1474265054]
  • Ireland, Jeannie 2018, History of Interior Design, 2nd Ed., Fairchild Books [ISBN: 1501319884]
  • Jencks, Charles 2011, The story of Post - Modernism: Five decades of the Ironic, Iconic and Critical in Architecture, Wiley [ISBN: 0470688955]
  • Lees-Maffei, Grace (Editor) and Houze, Rebecca (Editor) 2010, The Design History Reader, Berg Publishers [ISBN: ISBN: 1847883]
  • May, Bridget and Sherman, Curt 2011, Architecture and Interior Design: An integrated history to the present, 1st Ed., Pearson [ISBN: 0135093573]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
Other Resources
 

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CR_CARCT_8 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Architectural Technology 3 Elective
CR_DINAR_8 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Interior Architecture 1 Mandatory
CR_TARCH_7 Bachelor of Science in Architectural Technology 3 Elective
CR_DIARC_7 Bachelor of Science in Interior Architecture 1 Mandatory

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