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COMP9072 - Distributed Ledger Technology

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Title:Distributed Ledger Technology
Long Title:Distributed Ledger Technology
Module Code:COMP9072
 
Duration:1 Semester
Credits: 5
NFQ Level:Expert
Field of Study: Computer Science
Valid From: Semester 1 - 2019/20 ( September 2019 )
Module Delivered in 5 programme(s)
Module Coordinator: Sean McSweeney
Module Author: Mubashir Rehmani
Module Description: Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) is used for processing, validating and authenticating transaction records over several computers in the absence of trusted third-party. The aim of this module is to provide an overview on DLT, its architecture, applications, historical development and implementation blockchain and future research directions. Furthermore, this module will provide students with the skills to analyse and evaluate distributed ledger consensus algorithms for use across different applications.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to:
LO1 Critically discuss the application and use of distributed ledger technology and its implementation blockchain.
LO2 Analyse and evaluate distributed ledger consensus algorithms for use across different applications.
LO3 Design an appropriate distributed ledger architecture for an specified application.
LO4 Implement the distributed ledger application and assess its security and performance.
LO5 Evaluate future research directions across a range of emerging application areas for distributed ledger technology.
Pre-requisite learning
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
Requirements

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.

Basic knowledge of programming is required.
Co-requisites
No Co Requisites listed
 

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Distributed Ledger Technology & its applications
Historical development of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) and Blockchain, fundamentals of DLT and blockchain, working principles and features. Applications of DLT and Blockchain: DLT and Blockchain to protect personal data, Farming, Supply chain management, Manufacturing Plant Asset Management, Internet of Things, Transportation, Government, Energy, Digital Currency (Biocoin etc), Financial transactions, Smart cities, Smart Homes.
Consensus Algorithms, Mining, and Block Validation
Consensus Algorithms (Proof of Work (PoW), Proof of Stake (PoS), Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance (PBFT), Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoF), Ripple), Comparison of different Mining techniques, Block validation, transaction generation and validation.
Distributed Ledger Architectures
Types of Blockchain (Public, Private, Consortium), Comparison of different blockchain systems (Hyperledger, Ethereum, Bitcoin, IOTA), Smart Contracts. Blockchain for cloud infrastructure, edge computing, integration of blockchain and edge computing (network, storage, and computation functions).
Design & Implementation of DLT
Evaluation Methods, Testbeds, and Simulation Tools Available for DLT and Blockchain. Open source implementations of blockchain such as Hyperledger and Openchain.
Security & Privacy Issues
Challenges related with security and privacy in DLT and blockchain technology, public key cryptograpy in DLT and blockchain, security issues with bitcoin, attacks targeting bitcoin networks and bitcoin wallets, blockchain based security services. Network layer of permissionless blockchain, its requirements, and design space, network based attacks, adversary models.
Future Research Directions
Future research directions related with implementation of DLT and blockchain technology in different emerging application areas.
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work100.00%
Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Project In this project, students are required to work on a given topic about distributed ledger technology, critically analyze it, and also discuss future research directions based upon state-of-the-art work. 1,2,5 40.0 Week 8
Project In this project, students are expected to employ distributed ledger technology in an application area and implement it using open source programming language. The students may also be required to critically assess the performance and security challenges that exist in the designed distributed ledger technology network. 2,3,4 60.0 Sem End
No End of Module Formal Examination
Reassessment Requirement
Coursework Only
This module is reassessed solely on the basis of re-submitted coursework. There is no repeat written examination.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment

 

Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Lecture underpinning learning outcomes. 2.0 Every Week 2.00
Lab Lab to support content delivered. 2.0 Every Week 2.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Independent student learning. 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.00
Workload: Part Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Lecture underpinning learning outcomes. 2.0 Every Week 2.00
Lab Lab to support content delivered. 2.0 Every Week 2.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Independent student learning. 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.00
 

Module Resources

Recommended Book Resources
  • F. Richard Yu 2019, Blockchain Technology and Applications - From Theory to Practice, 1st Ed., Kindle Direct Publishing [ISBN: 9781729142592]
  • Xiwei Xu, Ingo Weber, Mark Staples 2019, Architecture for Blockchain Applications, 1st Ed., Springer [ISBN: 9783030030346]
Supplementary Book Resources
  • Michele Finck 2018, Blockchain Regulation and Governance in Europe, 1st Ed., Cambridge University Press UK [ISBN: 9781108465458]
  • Aljosha Judmayer; Nicholas Stifter; Katharina Krombholz; Edgar Weippl; Elisa Bertino; Ravi Sandhu 2017, Blocks and Chains: Introduction to Bitcoin, Cryptocurrencies, and Their Consensus Mechanisms, 1st Ed., Morgan & Claypool [ISBN: 9781627057134]
Recommended Article/Paper Resources
  • Muhammad Salek Ali, Massimo Vecchio, Miguel Rodrigo Pincheira-Caro, Koustabh Dolui, Fabio Antonelli and Mubashir Husain Rehmani Applications of Blockchains in the Internet of Things: A Comprehensive Survey, IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, in Print, 2019
  • Muneeb Ul Hassan, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, and Jinjun Chen Privacy Preservation in Blockchain Based IoT Systems: Integration Issues, Prospects, Challenges, and Future Research Directions, Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 97, pp. 512-529, August 2019.
  • J. Xie, F. Richard Yu, T. Huang, R. Xie, J. Liu, C. Wang, and Y. Liu A Survey of Blockchain Technology Applied to Smart Cities: Research Issues and Challenges, IEEE Comm. Survey and Tutorials, in Print, 2019.
  • T. Salman, M. Zolanvari, A. Erbad, R. Jain and M. Samaka Security Services Using Blockchains: A State of the Art Survey, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, in Print, 2019
  • T. Neudecker and H. Hartenstein Network Layer Aspects of Permissionless Blockchains, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 838-857, Firstquarter 2019.
  • R. Yang, F. Richard Yu, P. Si, Z. Yang, and Y. Zhang Integrated Blockchain and Edge Computing Systems: A Survey, Some Research Issues and Challenges, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, in Print, 2019.
  • W. Wang, D. T. Hoang, P. Hu, Z. Xiong, D. Niyato, P. Wang, Y. Wen, and D. I. Kim A survey on consensus mechanisms and mining strategy management in blockchain networks, IEEE Access, in Print, 2019.
  • F. Tschorsch and B. Scheuermann Bitcoin and Beyond: A Technical Survey on Decentralized Digital Currencies, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 2084-2123, thirdquarter 2016.
  • Mauro Conti, Sandeep Kumar, Chhagan Lal, Sushmita Ruj A Survey on Security and Privacy Issues of Bitcoin, IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, 20(4):3416-3452, 2018.
Other Resources
 

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CR_KARIN_9 Master of Science in Artificial Intelligence 1 Elective
CR_KCLDC_9 Master of Science in Cloud Computing 1 Elective
CR_KCLDC_9 Master of Science in Cloud Computing 2 Elective
CR_KINSE_9 Master of Science in Cybersecurity 1 Elective
CR_KINSY_9 Postgraduate Diploma in Science in Cybersecurity 1 Elective

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