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AGRI8013 - Crop Pathology

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Title:Crop Pathology
Long Title:Crop Pathology
Module Code:AGRI8013
 
Duration:1 Semester
Credits: 5
NFQ Level:Advanced
Field of Study: Agriculture
Valid From: Semester 1 - 2018/19 ( September 2018 )
Module Delivered in 1 programme(s)
Module Coordinator: Brigid Lucey
Module Author: JOSEPH CROKE
Module Description: Exploration of crop pathology describing the significant threatening pathogens and pests of agriculture crops in light of modern biotechnological and sustainable used pesticide and other based technologies.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to:
LO1 Critique the main agricultural crop pathogens and their lifecycles
LO2 Explore the impact of crop pathogenicity on agronomic and post harvest crop systems
LO3 Evaluate growing or post harvest crops to discern between the presence of crop disease, pestilence or disorders
LO4 Debate options of crop protection measures using sustainable use directive criteria regarding pesticides, advanced crop breeding and cultural solutions
Pre-requisite learning
Module Recommendations
This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is strongly recommended before enrolment in this module. You may enrol in this module if you have not acquired the recommended learning but you will have considerable difficulty in passing (i.e. achieving the learning outcomes of) the module. While the prior learning is expressed as named CIT module(s) it also allows for learning (in another module or modules) which is equivalent to the learning specified in the named module(s).
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
Requirements

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.

No requirements listed
 

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Sustainable Use Directive
Integrated crop management philosophies and methodology. Protection of environment and ecology. European Directive and Irish legal obligations with Sustainable use directive (sud). Records keeping and documentation. Pesticide delivery equipment. Tractor, drone and other spraying equipment and SUD regulations. Pesticide supply regulation. Health & Safety. Pesticide Advisors and extension, Pesticide Distributors, Professional Users/Sprayer Operators and Inspectors of Pesticide Application Equipment. Communicating and training operators for SUD compliance.
Integrated Crop Management
Pest and pathogen resistance build-up.Integration of methodologies in cultivation practices to minimise selected diseases and pests. Biotechnological, cultural, biological and chemical control. Quarantine. Host plant resistance. Acceptable pest levels. Prevention. Monitoring. Mechanical control. Responsible pesticide control. Pest identification, lifecycle knowledge, monitoring, action threshold establishment, economic yield and quality, combinations of control measures, and control evaluation.Organic control regulation. Plant disease forecasting.
Crop pathogens
Crop epidemiology. Discerning between symptoms and signs. Application of Koch's postulates. Broad and host specific pathogens, Cereal crops Mildews (Powdery and Downy), spots (leaves), rusts, smuts, general crops blight, wilts,cankers, sooty moulds, scabs, galls, cereal, bulb, corm, tuber, flower, fruit, vegetable, stem, leaf and bud rots.. Post harvest disease of agricultural crops.. Virus and virus like diseases, vectors and lifecycle. Pathogenicity recognition. Visual crop problem identification academic resources. Notifiable diseases. Control of environmental conditions to control disease.
Crop pestilence
Pests of forage grasses, cereals, Brassica, potato and other field crops: Slugs and snails; Aphids; Nematodes, Eelworms, Globodera, Ditylenchus, Aphelenchoides, Meloidogyne, Heterodera; Thrips (Thrips, Kathothrips, Heliothrips; Caterpillars; Mealybugs (Pseuadococcus, Trionymus); Mites (Tetranychus, Steneotarsonemus, Cecidophyopsis, Rhizoglyphus, Birds; mammals; sawfly (Hoplocampa, Nematus); Capsid bugs (Calocoris); Psyllids (Psylla); Scale insects (Pulvinaria, Chionapsis).
Pesticides
Fungicides groups. Hygene, disinfection, prophylaxis, chemotherapy. Protectant, preventative or contact fungicides (Chlorobenzenes, Pthalonitriles, Dithiocarbamates, Organotin, Sulphur). Eradicant, curative or systemic fungicides and insecticides (MBC's, DMI group, Morpholine group, Organophosphates and phosphonates, Dicarboximides, Phenylamides). Safe fungicide and insecticide use. Herbicides groups. Contact, systemic, selective, per-emergence, post-emergence, organic industry herbicides. FRAC. Sustainable use directive best practice of use of pesticides.
Crop genetics for resistance
Crop traits and mechanisms conferring resistance to pathogens and pests of grasses, cereals and other agricultural crops. Induced resistance. Integrated crop biotechnological breeding and disease/ pestilence control. Programmed cell death mechanisms. Solid resistance. Systemic aquired resistance. Advanced agricultural crop resistance case examples.
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work100.00%
Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Open-book Examination Agriculture crop pathogens 1,2,3 30.0 Week 8
Multiple Choice Questions Knowledge of control measures 3,4 40.0 Week 12
Project Critical comparison of modern best approach to sustainable crop health 1,2,3,4 30.0 Week 13
No End of Module Formal Examination
Reassessment Requirement
Repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment

 

Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Knowledge of agricultural crop pathogenicity and modern sustainable control measures 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Lab Visit to commercial or research crop pathology laboratory or field site and/ or perform lab or field pathology investigations 4.0 Every Month 1.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Review current peer reviewed publications and visual media on crop disease 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 10.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.00
This module has no Part Time workload.
 

Module Resources

Recommended Book Resources
  • Punja, Z.K; de Boer, S; Sanfacon, H I 2007, Biotechnology and plant disease management, CABI [ISBN: 1845932889]
Supplementary Book Resources
  • S Whithaus and L Blecker 2014, The Safe and Effective Use of Pesticides, 3rd Ed., Univ of California - Agriculture & Natural Resources; [ISBN: 1601078951]
  • George Agrios 2005, Plant Pathology, 5th Ed., Academic Press USA [ISBN: 9780080473789]
  • Weintraub, P G 2009, Phytoplasmas: genomes, plant hosts and vectors, CABI [ISBN: 1845935306]
  • Waller, J M 2001, Plant pathologist's pocketbook, CABI [ISBN: 0-85199-458-1]
  • Barker, G M 2002, Molluscs as Crop Pests [ISBN: 978-0-85199-3]
  • Ebbels, D L 2003, Principles of plant health and quarantine, CABI [ISBN: 0851996809]
  • P. Vidhyasekaran 2004, Concise encyclopedia of plant pathology, Food Products Press New York, USA [ISBN: 1560229438]
  • John Leslie and Antonio Logrieco 2014, Mycotoxin Reduction in Grain Chains, Wiley-Blackwell [ISBN: 0813820839]
  • Y. R. Mehta 2014, Wheat Diseases and Their Management, Springer International Publishing [ISBN: 978-3-319-064]
  • Sambasivam Periyannan 2017, Wheat Rust Disease Methods and Protocols [ISBN: 9781493972487]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
Other Resources
 

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CR_SAGBI_8 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Agri-Biosciences 7 Mandatory

Cork Institute of Technology
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