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BIOE7002 - Biomechanics & Biofluids

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Title:Biomechanics & Biofluids
Long Title:Biomechanics & Biofluids
Module Code:BIOE7002
 
Duration:1 Semester
Credits: 5
NFQ Level:Intermediate
Field of Study: Biomedical Engineering
Valid From: Semester 1 - 2016/17 ( September 2016 )
Module Delivered in 1 programme(s)
Module Coordinator: GER KELLY
Module Author: Aoife Burke
Module Description: The biomechanics section of this module includes, 2D principal stresses, biomechanics of human tissue, analysis of angular motion and impact in the field of Biomechanics. The biofluids section of the course introduces the student to the mechanics of blood flow, analysis of pipe flow of Newtonain and non-Newtonian fluids together with lubrication and wear of human joints.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner will be able to:
LO1 Select and apply theories of motion to analyse and solve quantative problems involving angular motion in the field of biomechanics
LO2 Discuss and use engineering calculations to illustrate the mechanical properties of human tissue in the context of its function.
LO3 Describe the mechanics of cardiovascular blood flow and apply fluid mechanic flow models to flow in tubes.
LO4 Classify wear and lubrication mechanisms, in particular, as related to human joints.
Pre-requisite learning
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module. You may not earn additional credit for the same learning and therefore you may not enrol in this module if you have successfully completed any modules in the incompatible list.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
Requirements

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed. You may not enrol on this module if you have not acquired the learning specified in this section.

No requirements listed
Co-requisites
No Co Requisites listed
 

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Complex 2D stresses
Introduction to plane stress, stresses on oblique planes, 2D direct stress system, 2D shear stress system, general 2D stress system, equations of transformation of plane stress, stress to strain transformation, Poisson’s ratio
Tissue Biomechanics
Direct, shear bending and torque actions, and the corresponding stresses and strains in biological tissues. Stress relaxation and creep, stability and instability. Biomechanical characterisation of bone and the soft connective tissue (Skin, muscle, tendon, ligaments, etc.) covering structure, function and physiological factors. Clinical applications in the design of incisions, scar therapy and wound healing
Angular Kinematics of human movement
Polar Coordinates, Angular Position and Displacement, Angular Velocity, Angular Acceleration, Dimensions and Units, Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis, Relationships between Linear and Angular Quantities, Uniform Circular Motion, Rotational Motion with Constant Acceleration, Relative Motion, Linkage Systems.
Angular Kinetics of human movement
Kinetics of Angular Motion, Torque and Angular Acceleration, Mass Moment of Inertia, Parallel-Axis Theorem, Radius of Gyration, Segmental Motion Analysis, Rotational Kinetic Energy, Angular Work and Power.
Impluse and Momentum
Linear momentum and Impulse, Applications of the Impulse-Momentum Method, Conservation of linear Momentum, Impact and collisions, One-Dimensional Collisions, Two Dimensional Collisions, Angular Impulse and Momentum.
Introduction to Cardiovascular Mechanics
Basic principles of Biofluid Mechanics, Generation of flow in the Cardiovascular System, Hemodynamics in Vascular Channels, General Aspects of Control of Cardiovascular Function.
Circulatory Biofluid Mechanics
Blood flow in the Circulatory System, Systemic and Pulmonary Circulations, The Circulation in the Heart.
Blood Rheology: Properties of Flowing Blood
Viscosity of Blood, Yield Stress of Blood, Blood Vessel Structure. Diseases Related to Obstruction of Blood Flow.
Lubrication of joints
Mechanical properties of human cartilage. Introduction to the theories of Synovial Joint lubrication. Lubrication and wear of prosthetic joints.
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work20.00%
End of Module Formal Examination80.00%
Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Short Answer Questions In-class assessment. Topics include Cardiovascular Mechanics. 1 10.0 Week 5
Short Answer Questions In-class assessment. Topic include Biomechanics of the body. 3 10.0 Week 7
End of Module Formal Examination
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Formal Exam End-of-Semester Final Examination 1,2,3,4 80.0 End-of-Semester
Reassessment Requirement
Repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.

The institute reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment

 

Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Class based tuition 4.0 Every Week 4.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Self-directed learning 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 4.00
Workload: Part Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Classed based tuition 3.0 Every Week 3.00
Independent & Directed Learning (Non-contact) Self-directed learning 4.0 Every Week 4.00
Total Hours 7.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 7.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 3.00
 

Module Resources

Recommended Book Resources
  • J.L. Meriam, L.G. Kraige 2015, Engineering Mechanics-Dynamics, 8th Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 1119022533]
  • Özkaya, N., Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., Leger, D 2012, Fundamentals of Biomechanics, 3rd Ed., Springer-Verlag New York [ISBN: 978-1-4899-93]
  • Kleinstreuer, C. 2006, Biofluid Dynamics, 1st Ed. Ed., CRC Press USA [ISBN: 978-0849322211]
Supplementary Book Resources
  • Norden, Frankel 2012, Biomechanics in the Musculoskeletal System, 4th Ed., Kluwer [ISBN: 1609133358]
  • Vikki Hazelwood (Editor), Antonio Valdevit (Editor), Alfred Ascione (Editor) 2011, Biomedical Engineering Principles, 2nd Ed., CRC Press [ISBN: 1439812322]
  • S. A. Berger, W. Goldsmith, E. R. Lewis 2000, Introduction to bioengineering, 1st Ed., Oxford University Press [ISBN: 0198565151]
  • A. Tozeren 2000, Human body dynamics, Springer New York [ISBN: 9780387988016]
  • A.E. Profio 1993, Biomedical Engineering, John Wiley & Sons
  • J. L. Meriam, L. G. Kraige, 2011, Engineering Mechanics: Statics, 7th Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 0470917873]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
This module does not have any other resources
 

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CR_EBIME_7 Bachelor of Engineering in Biomedical Engineering 6 Mandatory

Cork Institute of Technology
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